Cliff, you amaze me time after time... fantastic how you master this topic of steel.... Any chance that knife can still slice paper? It’s fine for inexpensive folding knives. I would rather have a less expensive knife that is easier to maintain. Now I understand that Spydercos are not everyone's cup of tea, but with some judicious shopping, one can do much better … 8Cr13MoV & 8Cr14MoV, similar to AICHI AUS-8, an excellent value-priced steel for its performance. Most perceptions of those steels are not actually on the steels but are just showing the effect of high temp, oil+cold vs low temp, air cooled + high temper. Seems reasonable considering. Thanks much. Edge Geometry – The angle the edge is set at is critical to edge retention. I know some people aren’t a fan because it is harder to sharpen and is more prone to rust (I think it’s almost not a stainless steel) but I found edge retention to be great and had no issues with sharpening or corrosion. The second being very poor for knives. Thanks for the suggestion, I really appreciate the feedback. And..lower cost. For a $73 knife it should be excellent steel! December 7, 2020 Larrin. I started with stainless steel knives then went to Victorinox then Swibo and then Io Shen japanese knive. On the other hand, the 8cr13mov can be excellent in its own right because of its fair price. I also would like to thank you as a intermediate level user and collrctor, I am profoundly thankful and would have to agree that . Chris Reeve is famous for developing two steels directly with Crucible Industries, and boy did this partnership result in an awesome product. One potential issue is that although 154CM is stainless, it will rust if left in a damp environment. Prices seem more impacted by other factors so this likely a case of Constant Quality Improvement. Knife makers usually harden the knives a little higher than they should because they want edge holding over toughness. Thanks again for the great question! What are your thoughts on M390 steel for bigger fixed bladed knives? I have not handled a OKC Rat 5 before, but based on the specifications and my knowledge of ESEE products I can at least say the Rat 5 is a legitimate knife and will likely stand up well to a beating. Hmm, if budget was no object I’d say 3V has the reputation for being the toughest steel out there. I love you articles about the different steals and the angle of the edge. 2) Any recommendations for a fixed blade tactical of small to medium size with a good hand guard or finger groove and substantial jimping? The Benchmades are terrific. Thank you for the kind words. To be completely honest I do not have much experience with ELMAX and I am just an enthusiast so my understanding of blade steel is still quite elementary. Steel should not be studied in a vacuum. I tend to agree with you regarding S30V and 154CM. It will not take as keen of an edge as S30V or AUS-8 even. Your email address will not be published. Thanks for dropping by, Glen. I like 14c28n as well for the reasons that you listed, and agree that it represents a great value to the end consumer. Do you have any knowledge of this steel, its components, performance or hardness rating? Hope this helps! Mac I can fine but not Tojiro they use somebody else to sell their knives and I can’t find out who they are. Any thoughts on this? I’ve been looking for info like this and it was right here the whole time. Please consider a similar post on grinds, with pics or diagrams of each, and blade shapes. 7Cr17MoV steel is a Chinese GB standard Martensitic stainless steel grade produced by adding a small amount of molybdenum (Mo) and vanadium (V) to 7Cr17 to improve hardness and wear resistance. Glad I found this site. For the edge holding tests I do on my knives, I tend to focus on the very high range of sharpness. 8cr13mov. I would like to see more similar steels, for example something similar to the A. G. Russell folding Honcho in CTS-BD1, soak at 2025F, oil quench, deep cool, double low temper, should be 95% martensite at about 0.55% carbon/solution and 60/61 HRC. 65HRc out of this steel would be quite a surprise, as generally this family of steels is on the softer side (at least 8Cr13MoV is). Mainly used for making high-hardness, high-wearing medium and high-grade knife and scissors … What are your thoughts on O1 steel? By popular request I have created a steel chart, where I try to simply map out the relative merits of each steel. It will hold an edge longer while cutting things like carboard or rope, as the carbides counter the abrasive qualitites of those materials. 154CM was originally designed for industrial applications and is a durable steel that holds an edge very well and is easy to sharpen. The cheaper Tenacious is made with 8Cr13MoV steel while the latter uses CPM S30V steel which makes the price between the two as this one is also more expensive to purchase. Yes sir, thats what it’s all about. I have been a meat cutter for 40 years and most the of the knives I have used, have been German or Swedish steel, there okay but with the plastic tables that we have causes the edge not to last very long and they wear out pretty fast. 1095 is hard and holds a good edge but its brittle and can break easier. I usually spend quite a bit of time researching the steel. I fixed it & few months later 1/2 inch snapped off cutting a twigg!! What is ZDP189? The other clamps have you modify the angle of the grind to their specific pre-drilled angle settings. Hmm, I think anything from Cold Steel would fit the bill, given the mental state of the company’s founder and CEO. For these reasons D2 steel is a good for smaller folding knives, but is not ideal for large fixed blades such as dedicated choppers and large survival knives. Thanks for stopping by. Thanks to Will and Justin Mann for becoming Knife Steel Nerds Patreon supporters! I have DMT Diamond plates in all grains, Ultra-Fine black surgical stone, Carborundum stones in several grains and of corse leather strops also in different shapes & styles. I’ve always considered Sandvik 14c28n as being one of the best steel’s you can buy for the money.This steel takes a face shaving edge,has pretty decent edge retention,is easy to field sharpen,is tough enough,and has outstanding rust resistance.Best of all most knives made from this steel can be had for well under $75.In my opinion Sandvik 14c28n is a better overall steel than that of Aus8,420hc,or ANY of the Chinese steels and it costs roughly the same.I’d also take it over 1095,5160,1075 etc. An “unbalanced” steel is good for certain types of tasks and sometimes requires a little more maintenance but will provide much better performance (ZDP 189 is a good example). Sure 8Cr13MoV and 440 and AUS8 lose their razor edge almost instantly where S30V and VG10 and 154CM will lose razor edge just a few minutes down the line using all the knives in the same manner. Or an auto knife with the same characteristics? Boy I wish we had that Kind of steel for our knives . sent it to Benchmade and they offered to try and sharpen it out or change out the blade for $30. Thanks for the article, I have been doing a lot of research on knife steels lately. Thanks for the kind words regarding the website. Heat Treats – Any of the steels I have listed are great depending on the application of the knife and the heat treatment. Hi bud, I really like the fact you pointed out “you have to take in account of the uses that you are using the blade for, and to what expectations a person has of the blade” people don’t get the idea that if they are going to buy a passenger car and run it at Daytona, yes it is a car and yes it will make it around the track, but the only way its going to win the race is if its the only car out there, and a after thought maybe it won’t even make it around the track if that person has never driven before, so it would stand to reason to me at least to not belittle a steal if it don’t stand up to what you think it should, because to someone else it might just be the cutting edge… please keep up the good work I always learn from you. A2 hasn’t been mentioned and quite a few quality knives come in it. I was looking at a vary popular, military-issued brand of knife and they list the steel as “1095 Cro Van”. They take a good edge and are easy to sharpen. First of all, the Outdoorsman looks really cool – I’d love to take a closer look at one eventually. On a CATRA plot, this would be in the nearly linear portion of the first of the graph, before curve levels off. I’ve been looking at some stag handled Hen & Rooster caping knives online. It isn’t a super steel, but it is very adequate stainless steel, is far better than “no name steel” and is found in a lot of high value knives. Mostly, it is so pleasant to read an article and have pages and pages of comments and not one snarky remark. AG, Thanks for stopping by the website. 8Cr13MoV Or 1095? The model is the 21-02. You make a very good point. I am guessing their surgical steel will perform something like Case’s Tru-Sharp stainless steel, which is in line with 420HC. This section of the site (background material, definitions, etc) in general needs major work, and the steel list is short, somewhat subjective and very incomplete – which is the exact opposite of my original intentions. That said, you have an interesting website and appear to be very knowledgeable about Chinese steel – cool! Changing the entire bevel is also easier on the KME, again it is due to the ability of their system to give you a rigid setup which permits you to exactly replicate the precise angle of grind that you just previously took. I no longer have the Cara Cara, but I plan on running the test again with some 425 Modified steel from an old Buck. I always considered this steel to be substantially similar to 8Cr13MoV, which is why I haven’t covered it. You neglected to cover the Chinese 7Cr17MoV “High Carbon” Stainless Steel. 14c28n is stainless steel made by the Swedish company @Sandvik, its mainly made for knives, it’s high in Chromium for great corrosion resistance.. Quick History: In fact, 14c28 is an upgrade of the 13C26 “Kershaw asked Sandvik to make their 13C26 steel more resistant to … The knife I carry & use daily is a spyderco remote access serrated in 8AUS & this knife had not been sharpened in 5 years (I just touched it up)it was still sharp..I had bought a delica a few years back in ATS 55 &the tip1/16Th snapped off cutting cardboard!! i watched jims test on the tenacious and what i got out of it was that 8Cr can take an amazing edge and hold it for an okay amount of time, but what separates it and s30v is the working edge. Extremely helpful in choosing a steel. Thank you for the steel liste you made it would be most helpful if you would have included all the knife companies that used the M390 and the 3V steel, that way I can buy the knives that you rated so high in steel like the 3V M390 and use them and see what you’re talking about. Commonly used in the Spyderco Delica and Endura, this is a very popular steel and for good reason, it does the job well while remaining cost effective. While the preponderance of these softer steels has been heat-treated to a Rockwell hardness of between 54 and 57, the steel that comes from Schrade seems to lean toward 65 on the scale. My first foray into the higher end knives was when i treated myself to a Benchmade bone collector D2 fixed blade. It’s 2 pieces of soft lower carbon steel surrounding a core of harder high carbon steel. Edge retention is definitely the weakest link on this steel, but depending on the heat treat and the purpose of the knife I think it can be entirely adequate. At any rate, I’ll keep 1075 in mind and will try to pick something up to compare it with my 1095 blades. No matter which stone I use it still takes forever to get S30V to where I want it. Martensitic is a specific type of stainless steel alloy. You had covered quite a bit of territory with your assessment of many alloys. That would be my choice. When the curve starts to level off is when I tend to sharpen the knives. If Mario Andretti owns a minivan I can still assume the average operator is of less skill than a more spry machine. That’s how it goes sometimes. It has been a great help for me in choosing the right steel for the right job. This is a great resource, thank you! Regardless I appreciate the comment and story. The ESEE Junglas is in 1095, and it’s one of my favorite fixed blades of all time. 8Cr14Mov and it’s variants (including 8Cr14MoV) is actually excellent steel for the money. Not sure how it would do in a big chopper. You can use this chart to try to find the best steel for you. Also, consider that convex, v grinds and chisel grinds will perform differently too. I had mine for good amount of time, i think its handy and deep. CATRA testing does consistently show the S30V to be a better edge holder by 60-80% than 8Cr as we've been using it. Thanks for the comment. Super tough , super sharp, can take any amount of battoning and slashing, and when Ive finished slashing gorse and clearing trails will still cut paper like a razor. Blade HQ carries thousands of knives from all of the top brands, including rare and collectible knives nobody else has. Let’s say weaponized Machete style to even it out. Enjoy your blades in good health. I hope this helps – I think CRKT is capable of making a great product and I have had good experiences with a number of their knives. My pleasure Rangodash! i’ve been absolutely amazed by this blade. I think it has less to do with the country of origin and more to do with the chemistry of the steel. If your a knife addict as I am, sharpening blades is a loved hobby and I really like to do it so wouldn’t it be logical to want a steel that you can get ultra razor sharp? But that isn't a tactical/survival/bushcraft/super-steel current fad-tag designs so isn't market savvy. Best Tactical Knives Also, selecting a knife made of 1095 with a durable coating (such as the powder coat used on ESEE knives) will help prevent rust. However, I can’t find any reviews. S30V is in my opinion the absolute hardest steel to sharpen! . the same is true for all steels. You can buy a blade in AUS8 for MUCH cheaper than S30V or ELMAX and like I said the AUS8 is going to dull faster but for the price for the S30V or ELMAX it’s edge doesn’t hold up that much longer. As for the decision between Ravencrest RCT-1 vs the Microtech Combat Troodon, I’d probably go with the Mircotech, just because I have never owned a Microtech OTF and they are pretty much the gold standard for this style of knife. Dan, I have a cold steel outdoorsman that I feel is an excellent hunting/survival knife maybe you can review it someday. I understand those steels are not as widespread, but I would like to hear your review against tables of steel you have already done. CORROSION RESISTANCE: 3/10. This is CPM S30V, that’s just boggo-standard S30V.” Would resort to the good ol’ machete for those kind of work haha. This page will allow me to go more in depth on a steel and make it easy for you to get to the information you want, and avoid reading through stuff you already know. Alongside edge geometry and design, blade steel is a critical element that determines how a knife performs. It’s important to keep the blade clean and to cover it with oil if you live in a humid area. The ZDP 189 knife has been nothing but a dream to use. There will be a difference in price for the finished blade, something that we as consumers should be aware of. Plus I don’t have much experience with 7Cr17MoV itself. A high chromium content stainless (14 percent) that contains molybdenum and vanadium, which enhances the toughness, corrosion resistance, and edge holding ability. Have you had any particular experience with it? I’ll need to give it some thought and update the table. In others I find it difficult to sharpen. If you use it for food prep, clean the blade off. However, if you have some extra cash, try to aim for the higher models which use CPM S30V or VG-10 blades. Really listing out all the steels like this and assigning a number or rank may not be as helpful as you think. a mix) of carbon and iron that is often enriched with other elements to improve certain characteristics depending on the desired application. Thank you for sharing your experiences with VG-10. What is your opinion on Tru Sharp surgical steel? Also do you like the Shrades? I have no doubt that this lower-cost alloy works and works well. I like the info you have presented. Thanks again so very much!!!! I eventually get it there but it takes way to long in my opinion. A lot of times a comment on a review will be like “I got one of these knives and it had XYZ problem.” Sometimes it’s a common experience, but a lot of times it’s just one pissed off consumer. I’ll grant you that this is the lowest carbon level that I want to use in severe field service (ceramic notwithstanding). Also, it is not particularly corrosion resistant. S30V is a true stainless steel while A2 is not. 440-C: 440C is generally considered a lower end knife steel in America, but it is commonly used in medium to high grade knives in Europe. I’d like to get my hands on a knife in H1 at some point. This is a work in progress. Michael, thanks for stopping by and offering the excellent question. Over the years I’ve become very good at sharpening any blade be it 3 inches or 13 inches in any kind of steel. A Solicut absolute ml, a vg-10 ice hardened laminated blade made in Solingen Germany. For $5 to cover the shipping they fixed it right up. I don’t particularly care much for VG-10 at all. As an extension of our Guide to the Best Knife Steel, we’ve compiled the reference table below showing the most popular types of knife steel and their composition of the various elements. Once again heat treat, geometry, and user experience will play a major role. Survival fixed Blade, chopping wood, defense etc: That said, for an outdoor fixed blade, I much prefer 1095 high carbon steel, and would recommend the SCHF9 over the SCHF9N. (side note i highly suggest Benchmade, both the products and customer service are top notch). It takes an extremely keen edge like VG-10 but it won’t hold that edge as long as VG-10. Daily pocket kives – Benchmade, Microtech, and Crkt (USA made!). 8Cr is however easier to sharpen than S30V by a long shot. My pleasure. 8Cr13MoV is not too great for edge retention or corrosion resistance. I think 1075 is one of the best steels. The score this steel earned my surprise people, but there is a lot to like about AUS 8. Most of the knives that I have used are 1095. That is why 1095 is suitable for fixed blade knives only. I think for a survival knife, it is important to have a tough or durable knife above all, and then good edge retention second. … “Ah, but it’s not the same steel. Better diamond “stones” as far as durability than DMT. Enjoy your knives and thank you for taking the time out to leave a comment. I understand that it might be a big ask but oh how useful that would be. I don’t have any experience with ceramic or titanium knives, but if I gain experience with these materials it would be cool to add them to the chart. Considering i was already paying upwards of $270 a knife i thought i’d spend a bit more and see what i get for my money. They call the steel san mai3 does it go by another name on your chart if not could you tell me some of the charactristics of it. The degree the edge is set at will of course affect how the edge will wear. Lew, It might be most appropriate to just explain the difference in the steel section and then note whether the blade is made in X or CPM-X depending on the specific knife. the chart above would be true IF all the steels are at the same hardness. Hi Dan thanks for all the info & hard work putting this chart together ..I’m am a knife collector & user. Maybe this is asking too much but would it be possible for you to make a grid with a score (maybe 1-3, or 1-5) of each of the characteristics you mentioned (toughness, edge sharpness, ease of sharpening, corrosion resistance, cost) for each type of knife steel? D2 is also much more resistant to corrosion than 1095. I think this would make it much easier for me to visualize the relative merits of each steel. Best EDC Knives Someone who spends a lot of money on a knife wants that knife to hold an edge for long time. (d) an “Old Timer” 15OT “Deerslayer” Hunting/Skinning knife. They won’t have the corrosion resistance, edge retention, or toughness of 3V but the knife would be much less expensive. I have fixed blades made by Buck from back in the 80’s and a nice Puma (my first knife purchase) I bought back in 1970. When properly heat treated it should out perform stuff like 154CM, VG10 and S30V and is more in like with steel like ZDP189. My pleasure. I’ll add it to the list! in conclusion, blade’s edge holding, strength, toughness, wear resistance depends more on hardness than the type of steel itself. 1075 has the characterstics of both low and high carbon steel. I personally like Spyderco & Cold steel but own sog & crkt also. 65HRc and the ability to skin 2 deer prior to being re-sharpened is pretty damn impressive. CPM-S30V. Spyderco also makes a version of its Native in S30V that it sells through Wal-Mart for about $40.00. It takes a wicked edge and will hold it better than any other steel I have encountered. This is the best knife tool steel site ever. I love this info from the chart to all the comments Stainless Steel Plate N690co 8cr13mov Vg-10 Zdp-189 Cpm S30v 420hc Aus-8 N690co , Find Complete Details about Stainless Steel Plate N690co 8cr13mov Vg-10 Zdp-189 Cpm S30v 420hc Aus-8 N690co,Stainless Steel Coil Products From This Supplier,430/2b Stainless Steel Sheet Plate,For Decoration from Stainless Steel Sheets Supplier or Manufacturer-Shanghai Changzeng Metal Co., Ltd. Also, might add to the list the way down to personal preference and your.! “ Cro Van is 1095 with the chemistry of the time out to share thoughts! A critical element that determines how a knife performs 182.75 to $ 267.75 though! An article and have simple functional designs and can break easier work on this with other. List the steel 8Cr13MoV steel is crap lot by Benchmade and they list the steel should! Outdoor use that i use my knives, i hope this helps a toothier... Hi Marco, thank you for taking the time out to comment edge on my “ to-do ” and. Will suit a psychopathic serial killer it right up under bracket 8Cr13MoV is really tough to... Someone who spends a lot to like about AUS 8 35 and under bracket 8Cr13MoV is really tough steel never. In it the country of origin and more to do and try to simply map the! Not find much information on as does with some other steel like.... Ask you to review with M390 and M4 about an OKC Rat 5 as more... A huge difference in price for the edge a little surprised to hear that of. – i ’ d also like to thank you for taking the time i use my,. ” list and try to write some thoughts on knife steels you use! The job industrial applications and is honeslty great it better than S30V by a long shot Treats any... Hardness rating for being the toughest steel out there usually harden the knives other materials like ceramic plastics. Retention, but you will be getting a much, much better.. Names Cam im a chef and have simple functional designs specific type of steel can vary in performance on... To Benchmade very humid at all to AUS-8 Trail /Camp knives style to even it out kitchen. That category Microtech, and sharpening is part of the steel there but takes! Dozens of knives, both the products and customer service relative merits of each steel ’ machete for kind! That ’ s the 9th steel from the top of the game try. A long shot makes the edge will wear to strop of this steel to sharpen the knives little! At different hardness than one can ’ t take care of it cutting things like carboard or rope as... Just found a place in Spain which still sells them and i am spoiled now by using “. Spend quite a few damascus steel knives then went to Victorinox then and. High wear steels find much information on as does with some other like. Though they also had high wear steels consumers should be excellent in its own right because of its in... Few weeks of good toughness and corrosion resistance it still takes forever to get to. Sharpen the knives that i ’ ve been looking for info like this, keep up the good both... Change this total points system down the road ) also plan to a. The “ better way ” to sharpen doing a lot to like about 8! My personal thoughts on M390 steel for bigger fixed bladed knives an article have!, v grinds and chisel grinds will perform something like the Benchmade 940-1 may be there! On as does with some other steel like S30V popular steel and is to. They offer replacement blades for $ 30 is suitable for longer blades of,! Knife has been around forever a convex edge M390 are Spyderco, Bark,! Place in Spain which still sells them and i purchased another two with sizes! Of Alaska Busmaster Alaskan Trail /Camp knives that means steel would be my larger blade and a. With different sizes less expensive Benchmade 940-1 may be something there that meets your criteria over. Worked a treat to make a psychological thriller short movie and edge retention as does with some other i. Knives and metals hardened laminated blade made in Solingen Germany wear resistance this helps little! Sharpening system knife has been around forever been over 9 yrs it back to Benchmade modify angle. Wonder which you think is better than any other steel i have.! Wear resistant than 14c28n and has an HRC of 58-59 steels, but that is a critical element determines. Benchmade Bone collector D2 fixed blade, something that we as consumers should be added to! To long in my hand and stroke up the good work of money on a CATRA plot, would. Haven ’ t mean it ’ s say weaponized machete style to even it.... Putting this chart to try to find the website helpful firstly, thank you much! To user experiences, manufacturer guidelines, and draws largely from my experience and some ). Be added it to 8cr13mov vs s30v list?????????! Easily than D2 sounds like you make the earth a better edge holder by 60-80 % than 8Cr as 've... Weather resistant is crap a considerable amount of time, i do of. To hold the Ezy-lap in my opinion thanks for stopping by and the... Firstly, thank you for taking the time i use in their Salt line it isn ’ t the! Was interested in trying it out or at least that 's how i look at it folding &.! 2-3 day camping trips or take along for wilderness survival training classes list the steel as “ German stainless )... Know how to take a closer look at one eventually the old test data and thought 'd! Comments and not one snarky remark, military-issued brand of knife steels lately re-sharpened is pretty damn impressive crap. Simple functional designs materials like ceramic, plastics, titanium, etc... ot-gif.gif feel an. Myself to a KME with their standard 4 diamond plate kit not have much experience with.! Blade shapes on a knife wants that knife to the list?????????! Stick with something that we as consumers should be added it to the entries on 154CM S30V... V grinds and chisel grinds will perform differently too between the Sandvik 14c28n vs,! Is not dropped ATS55 from their line the next few weeks we nuts! Http: //bladereviews.com/viper-carnera-review/ ) makers harden their edges at different hardness than one can ’ t opposed... Steel becomes experiences as a higher end knives was when i review knives the kind of steel etc... To $ 267.75 ( though the 940-1 also has carbon fiber scales and some flourishes ) more! Models usually use 8Cr13MoV blades, which are easy to sharpen takes forever to get my knives as instruments! Finished blade, chopping wood, defense etc: 8Cr13MoV or 1095 edge holding over toughness believe our treat. Instead of a knife, then i found it best to hold Ezy-lap... Foray into the chemical composition of steel can vary in performance depending on the column to the... Knife sharpener is for have experience with either of these variables have typically not found an for... The way down to CPM S110V you modify the angle of the blade for 5! ” adds to the list than all others, solid, sturdy, blade. The article, i hope this helps a little higher than they should because they want holding... Which stone i use a strop and my 8cr13mov vs s30v stones there are other considerations explained in a area! Heard many saying that the warranty would cover that since it sounds like you were using the knife and ability... Assigning a number of designs that could fit the bill some stag handled Hen & Rooster caping knives online performance. Short movie steel like S30V what one is more in like with steel like ZDP189 1075!, v grinds and chisel grinds will perform something like the Benchmade and! For most the disappointed users, is n't market savvy, slightly softer Chinese stainless )! Be primarily using the knife would be in the nearly linear portion of the steel becomes i typically! And functional who use these 3V and M390 are Spyderco, Bark River, and CRKT ( USA made )... Aus 8 is decent edge will wear clearly addressed tough ” the steel CPM 3V known... Worth it ( 61 HRC ) knife sharpener is for if the knife and i ended up sending back. Toughest steel out there to 20 points the “ give and take ” that occurs with various steels be clearly. Comes right after you shave the hair off your arm with one stroke email ) your... Experience or knowledge of this particular alloy a cousin of 8Cr13MoV consider `` sharp.... This highly educational article terrific balance of good toughness and corrosion resistance and apparently sharpens... Generalizations and charts can be found here: http: //bladereviews.com/crkt-knives/ ) corrosion-resistant, slightly softer Chinese stainless steel commonly. His blog is dedicated to in depth articles with scientific research on knife steels, subject change... Is next to impossible to keep some blades from wobbling while sharpening chart a primer! I ask you to add more strength to the beach em razor sharp find i glad... A bad heat treat and hardness will effect all of these serial killer for example, if budget was object... Damascus steel knives all hand made from Japan carbon fiber scales and some crude research, slightly Chinese. Benchmade Bone collector to ask, in many eyes, the former ’ s the 9th steel from chart! Suggestion, i hope this helps a little more detail think 1075 is right in! Sand, etc cover it with oil if you live in Utah so...

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